The steps of evidence-based practice
Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a process that involves locating and applying research findings to clinical practice. The process starts when a clinical problem or question arises in relation to the care of the patient.
The EBP process follows a series of steps which are listed in sequence below.
|Ask the question||Construct a well-built clinical question derived from the case|
|Acquire the evidence||Select the appropriate resources and conduct a search in order to acquire the evidence|
|Appraise the evidence||Appraise the evidence for its validity (closeness to the truth) and applicability (usefulness in clinical practice)|
|Apply the evidence||Integrate evidence with clinical expertise and patient preferences and apply to practice|
|Assess the effects||Evaluate the performance and success of the change in practice|
The steps can also be a circular process, where assessing the effects leads to consideration of another clinical question, another search for information, and so on.